Exploring the Gaudy Mansions of Kurdistan’s Dream City

Photographer Eugenio Grosso moved from London to Kurdistan four months after the battle of Mosul began. But rather than join his colleagues on the battlefield, he chose to stay behind in the Kurdish capital of Erbil and explore Dream City.

Beyond the heavily armed gates of this affluent community lie hundreds upon hundreds of gaudy, western-style mansions that celebrate the decadence and affluence of Kurdistan’s elites. These enormous villas—each covering at least 3,000 square feet, with at least four bathrooms—are “characterized by attributes not found in homes built outside the city,” the developer boasts.

The self-contained community provides every amenity a wealthy family could want, including schools, high-end shopping, and a pizza joint. It was the promise of a hot slice that drew Grosso to Dream City on the very night he arrived to ferret out stories in the region. Before eating a “really strange-tasting” Iraqi version of a margherita pizza, he strolled through the development, surprised to find such opulent estates. “It impressed me because it was unexpected,” he says. “I didn’t think that in that part of the world there were villas like those.”

So began his fascinating series Erbil White Houses. Grosso visited Dream City 10 times in February, wandering the residential streets for a couple hours before dusk with his Fuji X100t. He found the neighborhood quiet, almost deserted but for security guards, construction workers, and the occasional resident emerging from a home to slip into a car. “People don’t walk there,” Grosso says. “They just get in their car to go get shisha or tea or dinner.”

His images highlight Dream City’s most ostentatious structures. Many are jarring collisions of architectural styles, combining Greek columns and porticos with modern touchs like gleaming panels of glass. A home owned by Kurdish businessman Shihab Shihab replicates the exterior of the White House. Grosso wandered by a house still under construction, and the workers invited him in to have a look. “I told them that the house they were working on was beautiful and they replied that it could be President Trump’s house,” Grosso says. “Or, at least that’s what I understood from our little chat as they were repeating ‘Trump, Trump’ while pointing out at the house.”

Some mansions remain unfinished, their progress stalled by the ongoing war. “They started building these when the economy was booming, but when ISIS came it slowed down and they couldn’t manage to sell them,” Grosso says.

Speaking of the war, Grosso eventually made it to the front lines, but found he much preferred exploring Erbil and how people live during warfare. “I thought it was good to show a different aspect of the Middle East, one I didn’t expect to find,” he says. Erbil White Houses captures the universal desire and pursuit of ‘the good life,’ even as a war rages just 50 miles away.

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How to Find Pending Unconfirmed Users in WordPress

Do you want to find the pending unconfirmed users in WordPress? Often users may well not obtain account activation email from your WordPress site rendering it impossible to activate their records. In this essay, we will explain to you where to find pending unconfirmed users in WordPress.

What Are pending unconfirmed users in WordPress

The Problem with Pending Unconfirmed Customers in WordPress

WordPress has a effective individual management system that enables you to include brand new users and authors to your website. You can even allow users to join up on your own site.

Each time a brand new individual registers in your website, WordPress delivers them an activation e-mail. The web link in the activation email enables an individual setting a password because of their account, so they can login.

However, sometimes the activation email may never reach the consumer or end in their spam folder.

This makes it impossible for you really to produce a brand new user account because WordPress will show that email address as already registered.

It is a huge problem for WordPress multisite networks. You will not be able to begin to see the unconfirmed user anywhere on your multisite network.

Let’s have a look at how you can resolve the issue and simply find those pending unconfirmed users in WordPress.

Find Pending Unconfirmed Users in WordPress Multisite

First you need to go to the system Admin » Plugins page on your WordPress multisite.

Next, you will need to install and network stimulate the Unconfirmed plugin. For more details, see our detailed guide on how best to use a WordPress plugin.

Upon activation, you need to go to the Users » Unconfirmed web page. You will notice all the pending unconfirmed users detailed here.

Pending unconfirmed users on a WordPress multisite

You are able to by hand activate users, resend them an activation email, or delete the consumer account entirely.

Find Unconfirmed Users in WordPress

Spam individual registration actually huge issue for WordPress account sites.

That’s why plugins like WPForms enable you to produce custom user enrollment form with user activation choices.

This allows you to definitely see unconfirmed users whom registered making use of your customized user enrollment kind and by hand approve them.

Within the Settings » User Registration tab, you’ll allow individual activation.

User enrollment settings

Now whenever brand new users register utilizing your user registration kind, they will get an activation e-mail. If users don’t have the email or forget to activate the account, then you can certainly accept it for them by hand.

Head to the Users » All Users web page. You will observe the unconfirmed users highlighted in the page. You’ll be able to see all unconfirmed users by clicking on the ‘Unapproved’ link towards the top.

Unconfirmed users

You’ll manually approve a user by clicking on the approve website link under their username. If you were to think this individual enrollment is spam, then you can certainly delete it.

Troubleshooting User Registration Email Dilemmas

The most typical grounds for users not receiving activation email from your website is poorly configured mail settings. Most WordPress serves disable php mail function to avoid their servers from abuse. Some don’t configure it properly, which means that your email messages should never be received by the consumer or end up in spam.

To get more on this subject, see our guide on how best to fix WordPress maybe not delivering email issue.

We hope this informative article helped you discover pending unconfirmed users on your WordPress site. You may also wish to see our ultimate detailed WordPress protection guide for newbies.

If you liked this article, then please donate to our YouTube Channel for WordPress video tutorials. There are also united states on Twitter and Facebook.

25 Best WordPress Themes for Affiliate Marketing

Are you looking for the best WordPress themes for affiliate marketing? Most WordPress themes are designed for blogging or businesses which makes it difficult to choose the perfect theme for an affiliate marketing website. In this article, we will show you some of the best WordPress themes for affiliate marketing.

Best affiliate marketing themes for WordPress

Building an Affiliate Marketing Website with WordPress

WordPress is the perfect platform to build a website. Many affiliate marketers use WordPress because it’s easy to add features and customize.

First, you need to make sure that you are using the right platform. A self-hosted WordPress.org site gives you the freedom to use all WordPress features on your website.

Next, you will need a WordPress hosting account and a domain name.

We recommend using Bluehost. It is one of the largest hosting companies in the world and an official WordPress hosting partner. They’re giving our users 65% off + a free domain.

Once you have signed up for hosting, you are now ready to install WordPress. Follow the instructions in our complete step by step guide on how to start a WordPress blog, and you will be up and running in no time.

After installing WordPress, it is time to choose a WordPress theme. Select a theme from our expert pick below.

Need help installing the theme? See our beginner’s guide on how to install a WordPress theme.

Having said that, let’s take a look at some of the best WordPress themes for affiliate marketing. This list contains both paid and free themes and all of them are mobile responsive.

1. GeoDeo

GeoDeo

GeoDeo is a WordPress theme built specifically for deals and affiliate marketing websites. It includes a complete system to manage deals and coupons. It is also fully compatible with WooCommerce, MyCred, and many other popular plugins commonly used by affiliate marketers.

It ships with a drag and drop page builder plugin. It can be used to create multilingual websites using WPML and also includes support for right-to-left languages. Theme setup is easy, and it has its own theme options panel to setup everything.

2. Clipper

Clipper

Clipper is a WordPress coupons theme for affiliate marketers. It has a powerful built-in system to manage your coupons and deals. It also includes link cloaking and tracking, unlimited coupons store, coupon submission form, and many other useful features.

Clipper comes in five color schemes and have translations available in several languages. It is easy to setup and most features work out of the box, so you can just start adding coupons and deals. For detailed instructions, see our guide on how to easily create a coupon site in WordPress.

3. Binder Pro

Binder Pro

Binder Pro is a stylish WordPress theme with a magazine layout. It is suitable for content rich websites that utilize affiliate marketing for monetization. It uses a modular approach to design which allows you to simply drag and drop different modules to create your own layouts.

You get a demo content installer and 7 ready made websites that you can use as a starting point for your website. It is WooCommerce ready and can be used on multilingual websites as well.

4. Echo

Echo

Echo is a bold WordPress magazine theme for content rich affiliate marketing websites. The homepage features a masonry grid layout that utilizes images for a stunningly visual presentation of your site.

It includes dedicated areas to display advertisements, deals, and coupons. Article pages can have a two, three, or a single column layout. Among other features, it has a beautiful slider, mega menu, gallery template, and several custom widgets.

5. Atomic

Atomic

If you need an elegant but powerful theme for your affiliate marketing site, then check out Atomic. It is a multi-purpose WordPress theme with beautiful typography, gorgeous image display, and clutter free setup.

Atomic is WooCommerce ready and includes several sections to add portfolio, staff profiles, galleries, and testimonials. It comes with beautiful and fully customizable header and a getting started guide for quick setup.

6. Everly

Everly

Everly is a sophisticated WordPress theme ideal for content rich affiliate websites. It features a spacious minimalist design that makes your content and images standout. This includes 4 homepage and blog layouts, post templates, photo galleries, and icon fonts.

You can change theme colors using the customizer and make it uniquely yours. Inside you will also find a slider plugin, social media integration, dedicated ad blocks, and much more.

7. Games Zone

Games Zone

As the name suggests, Games Zone is a WordPress theme for game reviews website. It is ideal for affiliate marketers in the video gaming niche. It includes a reviews section allowing you to easily add game reviews. It also has multiple spots to display ads.

This theme comes with different page layouts, several custom widgets, and unlimited color choices. Inside you will also find custom sidebars, testimonials, 1-click demo installer, shortcodes, and an easy theme options panel.

8. Smart Passive Income

Smart Passive Income

Smart Passive Income is a WordPress business theme for affiliate marketers and entrepreneurs. This WooCommerce ready theme is built on top of the rock solid base of Genesis theme framework.

It has an easy to use theme options panel that helps you setup your website quickly. Using the theme customizer, you can change colors, background, and appearance of your theme with live preview. It includes 8 widget ready areas that you can customize to fit your brand.

9. Baseline

Baseline

Baseline is a magazine style WordPress theme for content rich affiliate marketing websites. It focuses on beautiful typography and gorgeous display of images to make your content more engaging.

Baseline includes a beautiful header category menu, featured content slider, multiple layout options and infinite scroll. It is easy to setup and includes a getting started page to help you setup the theme quickly.

10. It is a Wrap

It is a Wrap

Wrap is a WordPress magazine theme designed for affiliate marketing sites with a lot of video content. It includes three homepage layout, several content discovery features, and a beautiful media playback popup.

Wrap has 4 creative header styles, featured content carousel, social media integration, and a visual page builder. It has multiple post layouts for classic or full-width video posts. It also includes submit a video and contact forms, allowing your users to send you new ideas and videos.

11. Brittany

Brittany

Brittany is a WordPress blogging theme suitable for building a personal brand in the affiliate marketing industry. It’s homepage features an intro section at the top followed by your most important content like blog posts, portfolio, or anything else that you want.

It has several layout options and templates for different pages. You will also get multiple custom widgets to add social media integration and content discovery features throughout your website.

12. Locales

Locales

Locales is a WordPress directory theme that allows you to easily create local business directory. It is the perfect match for affiliate marketers in events and PR industries. It comes with complete directory management section, and a user submission form allowing you to easily accept content submitted by your users.

Locale has a one click demo install to help you quickly get started. You will also get a drag and drop page builder plugin to create your own page layouts if needed.

13. Ultra

Ultra

Ultra is a powerful multipurpose WordPress theme with a built-in drag and drop page builder. It ships with dozens of built-in designs, layouts, and templates that you can use as a starting point to build your own website.

Ultra is packed with awesome features like parallax scrolling, animations, counters, Google maps, slider, and much more. It is fully customizable, and you can change colors, logo, background, from an easy to use options panel. With integrated page builder, you can create beautiful page layouts whenever you need.

14. Compass

Compass

Compass is an elegant WordPress theme for blogging, news, or magazine sites. It includes a highly customizable homepage with featured content slider, dynamic homepage builder, featured categories, and a 1-click demo content installer.

Compass has a built-in breaking news ticker, multiple page templates, custom colors, fonts, custom logo and background. It also has several content discovery and social media widgets with multiple widget ready areas.

15. Hugo

Hugo

Hugo is a WooCommerce ready WordPress multipurpose theme. Designed to increase sales and conversions, it comes with a beautiful homepage layout featuring a slider on top followed by your most important content.

Homepage layout is fully widgetized, so you can just drag and drop content widgets to set it up. Hugo has several custom widgets to showcase store items, content, social buttons, product categories, and more.

16. Float

Float

Need a beautiful landing page theme for your affiliate marketing campaigns? Check out Float. It features stunning parallax floating effects, parallax scrolling, and an integrated page builder. It allows you to create highly engaging landing pages quickly.

It also comes with several ready to use demos that you can quickly install and use as an starting point. Float has a built-in social media integration, custom backgrounds, unlimited colors, custom widgets, and much more.

17. Alpha

Alpha

Alpha is another great WordPress theme for content rich affiliate marketing sites. It comes with two different layouts for a magazine or a news website.

Among other features, it has a breaking news ticker, custom page templates, and a custom slider. Inside you will also find several widgets for social media, content discovery, and ads.

18. Hestia

Hestia

Hestia is a free WordPress theme with powerful features to build an affiliate marketing website. It includes easy theme setup with the help of a companion plugin which adds testimonials, services, and homepage sections to your website.

It is ready to be used with popular free page builder plugins, and it also supports WooCommerce out of the box. Hestia is easy to setup using the live theme customizer.

19. Suarez

Suarez

If photos are central theme of your affiliate marketing site, then check out Suarez. It is a WordPress photo blogging theme with a gorgeous design that makes your photos popout while not ignoring the text and other types of content.

It has several flexible customization options and a drag and drop page builder. Inside you will also find beautiful CSS animations, Google Fonts, and a customizable slider. Suarez is easy to set up with live theme customizer support.

20. Neto

Neto

Neto is a highly customizable WordPress eCommerce theme with full WooCommerce support. It works with all the popular page builder plugins and comes with powerful shortcodes and widgets to create unlimited templates for your affiliate store.

For easier setup, it includes a powerful theme options panel that walks you through the setup process. Neto has extensive options to use with live theme customizer. It also offers features like extended product descriptions, product templates, blog templates, multiple social media and content discovery custom widgets.

21. Lenscap

Lenscap

Lenscap is an eCommerce ready WordPress magazine theme perfect for affiliate marketers. It features an elegant layout with gorgeous typography. Its homepage includes a highly customizable featured content carousel.

Lenscap also comes with engaging lightbox popup display for your videos and photos. It includes multiple color schemes, and you can also create your own. It is quick and easy to setup with a handy setup guide that walks you through the whole process.

22. Indigo

Indigo

Indigo is a multipurpose WordPress theme ideal for any kind of affiliate marketing site. It comes with drag and drop modules that allow you to create unique layouts to match your needs.

Indigo also includes demo content and multiple ready made websites that you can use as a starting point. It also offers multiple templates, galleries, sliders, header styles, and unlimited sidebars.

23. aReview

aReview

aReview is a free WordPress theme designed specifically for reviews website and affiliate marketers. Upon activation, the theme will recommend you to install free plugins to add review functionality.

Theme website also has step by step setup instructions that allow you to setup any kind of review site. It also comes with a powerful featured content carousel, custom background, author bio box, and Google Fonts.

24. Dorsa

Dorsa

Dorsa is a multipurpose WordPress theme suitable for magazine, news, and video websites. It comes with a beautiful grid layout using thumbnails to draw users attention to your most important content.

It supports video thumbnail plugins and comes with full WooCommerce support. It includes built-in post likes and post views counter and has multiple post styles, header styles, and a customizable slider.

25. Nayma

Nayma

Nayma is another powerful and highly customizable theme for affiliate marketers. It ships with 8 ready-made websites and 1-click demo content installer to get you started quickly. It includes several content modules that you can drag and drop into your pages to create your own dynamic layouts.

It got modules for your pricing tables, carousels, sliders, testimonials, portfolio, services, and much more. It works with all popular WordPress plugins and comes with full WooCommerce support.

We hope this article helped you find the best affiliate marketing WordPress theme for your website. You may also want to see our list of the best affiliate marketing tools and plugins for WordPress.

If you liked this article, then please subscribe to our YouTube Channel for WordPress video tutorials. You can also find us on Twitter and Facebook.

Eerie Photos Capture Fear and Paranoia in Washington DC

Something strange is afoot in Washington. Nondescript white vans loiter in peaceful neighborhoods. Office workers hustle bins of papers as a mobile shredder. Burly men with earpieces and no-nonsense demeanors come and get in black SUVs with black windows. Mike Osborne suspects a conspiracy, and he’s determined to make the journey to the base of it.

Osborne uses mundane scenes to produce a plausible realm of conspiracies and malfeasance in their ongoing series White Vans, Black Suburbans. With only some cynicism plus preference for black and white, perhaps the many ordinary of things—a morning paper, a protester keeping a sign, a social gathering seen via a smudged window—become strangely ominous. “You understand how in every cop thriller or spy movie, they’ve this board in which they’ve all of the pictures tacked on with yarn linking them? That’s one of the ways I’m thinking about this project,” Osborne says. “The images are a definite possible dossier. You Place all these things together as well as suggest some larger meaning.”

Maybe not that Osborne purchases into conspiracy theories. But he’s fascinated with those that do. It began a decade ago as he was a grad student within University of Texas. He invested time photographing Alex Jones (yes, that Alex Jones) in Austin. The fascination deepened when Osborne relocated to Washington, DC, in 2012. He lived just obstructs away from politicians like John Kerry and Madeleine Albright and saw even their gardeners suffering a talk to a steel detector. Everything in regards to the town exuded an expression that there is nothing because it seems. And arrived the 2016 election, using its strange claims of a kid sex band and nature cooking therefore a number of other conspiracy theories. “I thought about exactly what would interest me personally if I possessed a conspiratorial mind-set,” he says. “How would I start aesthetically decoding the things I had been seeing on a regular basis?”

He began documenting whatever somebody might deem dubious. A cryptic sign advertising “DoD cyber training.” A hooded figure stealing straight down a sidewalk. An F-16 crash site inside forests of Maryland. He attended political rallies and shot buildings like NSA and FBI headquarters. The images resemble surveillance footage, creating the feeling that you’re taking a look at one thing some one doesn’t wish one to see. You think they’re mundane scenes. But have you been yes? “i believe my interest plays off that dichotomy to be near a locus of power yet not being next to a knowledge of just how energy has been exercised,” he says.

White Vans, Ebony Suburbans feeds off that tension. it is additionally prompt, provided what’s happening in Washington. It’s not only the conspiracy theorists. Everyone’s a little paranoid nowadays.

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For Modern Astronomers, It’s Learn to Code or Get Left Behind

Astronomer Meredith Rawls was in an astronomy master’s program at San Diego State University in 2008 when her professor threw a curveball. “We’re going to need to do some coding,” he said to her class. “Do you know how to do that?”

Not really, the students said.

And so he taught them—at lunch, working around their regular class schedule. But what he meant by “coding” was Fortran, a language IBM developed in the 1950s. Later, working on her PhD at New Mexico State, Rawls decided her official training wasn’t going to cut it. She set out to learn a more modern language called Python, which she saw other astronomers switching to. “It’s going to suck,” she remembers telling herself, “but I’m just going to do it.”

And so she started teaching herself, and signed up for a workshop called SciCoder. “I basically lost the better part of a year of standard research productivity time largely due to that choice, to switch my tools,” she says, “but I don’t think I could have succeeded without that, either.”

That’s probably true. Rawls’s educational experience is still typical: Fledgling astronomers take maybe one course in coding and then informally learn whatever language their leaders happen to use, because those are the ones the leaders know how to teach. They usually don’t take meaningful courses in modern coding, data science, or their best practices.

But today’s astronomers don’t just need to know how stars form and black holes burst. They also need knowledge of how to pry that information from the many terabytes of data that will stream from next-generation telescopes like the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope and the Square Kilometer Array. So they’re largely teaching themselves—using a suite of open-source training tools, focused workshops, and fellowship programs aims to help and actually prepare astronomers for the universe they’re entering.

Segmentation Fault

Back when telescopes produced less data, astronomers could get by on teaching themselves. “The old model was you go to your telescope—or you log in remotely because you’re fancy—you get your data, you download it on your computer, you make a plot, you write a paper, and you’re a scientist,” says Rawls, who is now a postdoc at the University of Washington. “Now, it’s not practical to download all the data.” And “a plot” is laughable. You just try using graph paper to nail down the correlation function that shows the distribution of millions of galaxies (go ahead; I’ll wait).

There are social costs to that inadequate education. First, it gives a booster to people who knew, early, both that they wanted to be astronomers and that astronomy meant typing into your computer all day. You know, the kinds of kids who sat in Algebra I “hacking” their TI-83s—ones with access to autodidactic materials and the free time to do that didacting. That kind of favoring is a good way to, on average, keep astronomy’s usual suspects—white guys!—on top.

Beyond the social costs, though, lie scientific ones. Let’s say a scientist writes a program that analyzes quakes inside the sun (that happens!). But there’s no documentation on how the program works, and its kludgy, coagulated subroutines are opaque. No second scientist, then, can run that code see if they get the same result, or if the program actually does what Scientist 1 claims. “Reproducibility is held up as the gold standard for what is real or not,” says Lucianne Walkowicz, an astrophysicist at the Adler Planetarium. “You need the materials upon which the experiment was performed, and you need the tools. Code is the equivalent of our beakers and Bunsen burners.”

Plus, the way astrophysics programming has historically worked is inefficient. Out on overheating desktops across Earth’s universities are dozens of programs that do the same thing—catch those quakes, comb for exoplanets—different research groups having made their own. Instead of applying increasingly refined algorithms to their research problems, ill-trained astronomer-coders sometimes spend their time reinventing the wheel.

Data Drama

Walkowicz wants to help fix these problems before they get worse—which they’re about to. She is the science collaboration coordinator for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, which will essentially make a 10-year-long HD movie of the sky, so astronomers can see—and, ideally, understand—what changes from diurn to diurn. “Part of the reason we could all get by on being self-taught is that datasets, even when they’re on the fairly big side, are pretty small,” says Walkowicz. “They’re not as large and complex as the data from LSST will be. Problems will be amplified.”

Knowing this, and knowing that astronomer apprentices are getting essentially the same training astronomers have gotten since always, she and LSST colleagues decided to help prepare those apprentices. The LSST Data Science Fellowship program was born, bringing cohorts of students to six weeklong workshops over two years. To select fellows, they use a program called Entrofy, which optimizes diversity among each class.

The idea doesn’t always go over well with professors. “Reactions that I’ve gotten run the gamut from ‘That’s a good point, but our students don’t have time’ to ‘Stop trying to turn our astronomers into computer scientists,’” says Walkowicz.

Reactions that I’ve gotten run the gamut from ‘That’s a good point, but our students don’t have time’ to ‘Stop trying to turn our astronomers into computer scientists.’ Lucianne Walkowicz

But for their part, the students—perhaps more aware of the future of their field than the more senior researchers—feel more like astronomers. “Before being in this program, I already knew my thesis and my thesis hasn’t changed,” says Charee Peters, a grad student at the University of Wisconsin, “but I feel more comfortable now being able to approach it. I feel more like a scientist.”

Grad student Bela Abolfathi of UC Irvine has similar feelings, and thinks it makes sense that education be driven by data. “I had been trying to learn a lot of these techniques on my own, and my progress was glacial,” she says. “It really helps to learn these skills in a formal way, where you can ask questions from experts in the field, just as you would any other subject.”

You can often spot a formally untrained astronomer’s code a light-year away—with its lack of documentation, its serpentine subroutines. But you can also spot a computer scientist’s astronomy code. It’s high and tight, but it doesn’t display the same depth of knowledge about what the program is doing, and what those actions mean for, say, supernovae. “The key thing is combining the two approaches,” says Joachim Moeyens, an LSST data fellow from the University of Washington. “My goal is to keep everyone guessing about whether I’m an astronomer or a software engineer.” (My guess: a new kind of hybrid.)

Put a GitHubcap on that Wheel

The LSST’s fellowship only admits 15 students at a time—hardly the whole field. But the curriculum is online, and it has company. The Banneker & Aztlán Institute preps undergrads from all over in Unix, Python, computational astronomy, and data visualization. There are general boot camps, astro-specific modules, and continent-centric workshops. NASA and the SETI Institute recently teamed up to start the Frontier Development Lab, which brings planetary researchers and data scientists into contact with the private sector. And the University of Washington has a whole organization—the E-Science Institute—dedicated to the cause.

Astronomers have also given each other actual tools. The open-source AstroPy is “a community effort to develop a single core package for Astronomy in Python and foster interoperability between Python astronomy packages.” AstroML has a similar goal for the machine learning and data mining side. Scientists, here, can use the same code to do the same things on different data, fixing both that whole redundant wheel thing and the reproducibility problem.

Still, there’s some resistance in The Academy, reluctance to integrate all of this into curricula instead of requiring students to (or just tolerating students who) boot themselves off to camp. Alexandra Amon, an LSST Data Science fellow and a grad student at the University of Edinburgh, feels this acutely, in thinking about how, in the view of some, her hours spent learning to deal with data detract from her science—essentially the same sentiment Rawls expressed, despite the difference in their years. “Traditionally, from a job application point of view, time spent doing data analysis is detracting from delivering science results and paper-producing,” Almon says, “and therefore a hindrance.”

But “doing science” means—and has meant, for a while now—doing the kind of analysis that demands data and computer science expertise. Without that, the gap between knowledge and scientists’ ability to get that knowledge will only grow, like, you know, the universe itself.

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